Please note the following new information:
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada: Applying competency-based practices to residency education
To contribute to the success of Canadian physicians and the delivery of high-quality patient care, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada has embarked upon an initiative to introduce competency-based medical education (CBME) in Canadian postgraduate specialty training and in professional practice in Canada. This initiative, called Competence by Design (CBD), aims to enhance patient care by aligning medical education and lifelong learning with evolving patient needs and empowering learners to more fully engage in their education process.
CBD will use time as a framework rather than the basis for progression. It is not anticipated that the duration of training will change for the majority of trainees. Residency programs will be broken down into stages, and each stage will have a series of milestones based on required competencies. These milestones will create more targeted learning outcomes and involve more frequent, formative assessments within the clinical workplace to ensure residents are developing and receiving feedback on the skills they need.
Cardiac Surgery programs will adopt CBD in 2019. Thus Residents entering Cardiac Surgery from this year forward will experience CBD-based learning and assessment. As the adoption of this model is refined it will be enhanced to better reflect stakeholder needs.
All programs implementing CBD will continue to undergo the same rigorous accreditation processes as traditional programs. All CBD programs (and traditional programs) will continue to lead to Royal College approved certification. Certification for trainees in both CBD and traditional programs will include the completion of a Royal College examination; however, residents in CBD programs will also be assessed against program milestones throughout their training. Within a CBD program, all milestones (documented within an electronic portfolio) and the Royal College examination must be successfully completed to achieve certification.
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Ontario’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve. Changes will likely occur as the province and its municipalities adjust to new data about the virus. In these circumstances, please be advised that the manner of delivery of courses, co-curricular opportunities, programs, and services is subject to change, in accordance with university policies. The University thanks its students, faculty, and staff for their flexibility during these challenging times as we work together to maintain the standards of excellence that are the hallmark of the University of Toronto.
Program application language: English
Proof of valid current citizenship or permanent resident status must be provided by submitting one of the following verifications to CaRMS by the File Review Opening deadline. Failure to provide valid proof will result in your application being removed. No other forms of verification are acceptable:
CaRMS is partnering with third-party organizations to automate the verification of citizenship/legal status required by postgraduate offices for entry into residency. Third-party verification simplifies the process for applicants and programs. All applicants who do not receive third-party citizenship verification will be required to upload and assign an acceptable proof of citizenship document. Please see additional information here.
Three letters of reference are required. If possible one or more letters from a faculty member in cardiac surgery is helpful but not required. A letter from a senior resident will be accepted.
Obtain from Dean's OfficePersonal Letter
Each candidate is expected to write a short letter of application to the program. Please outline any personal history that may be appropriate and relevant to your application. Also state your reasons for choosing cardiac surgery as a career and outline your accomplishments both academic and non-academic as well as your future goals.
Maximum word count: 1000 (no minimum)Custom Résumé / CV
Applications submitted after file review has opened on January 31, 2022
Supporting documents (excluding letters of reference) that arrive after file review has opened on January 31, 2022
Letters of reference that arrive after the unmasking date on January 31, 2022
-A superior academic record demonstrating special proficiency in subjects related to our specialty
-Candidates should have a proven interest in our specialty, demonstrated by electives or other rotations in cardiothoracic surgery or related fields.
** We understand that it is not possible for candidates to complete external electives due to COVID. If you do not have CV surgery at your institution and as such did not complete any electives in our field, we will still consider your application. **
-Three references are required. If possible one or more letters from a faculty member in cardiac surgery is helpful but not required.
-Candidates with an interest and/or proven experience in research, either at the level of basic science or clinical research, are encouraged to apply.
Review team composition : 1. Division Chair
2. Program Director
3. Chiefs of all major teaching hospitals
4. Jr and Sr resident
5. Other surgical staff
Average number of applications received by our program in the last five years : 0 - 50
Average percentage of applicants offered interviews : 26 - 50 %
|CV||We do evaluate this file component|
|Electives||We do evaluate this file component. We recognize that the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted candidates’ opportunities to arrange and complete electives and would like to reassure you that a lack of elective activity this year will not negatively impact your application to our program.|
|Examinations||We do not evaluate this file component.|
|Extra-curricular||We do evaluate this file component|
|Leadership skills||We do evaluate this file component|
|MSPRs||We do evaluate this file component|
|Personal letters||We do evaluate this file component|
|Reference documents||We do evaluate this file component|
|Research/Publications||We do evaluate this file component|
|Transcripts||We do evaluate this file component|
Interview format :
We do not re-schedule interviews for applicants after we have completed the scheduling process.
|Collaboration skills||We do evaluate this file component|
|Collegiality||We do evaluate this file component|
|Communication skills||We do evaluate this file component|
|Health advocacy||We do evaluate this file component|
|Interest in the discipline||We do evaluate this file component|
|Interest in the program||We do evaluate this file component|
|Leadership skills||We do evaluate this file component|
|Professionalism||We do evaluate this file component|
|Scholarly activities||We do evaluate this file component|
|Other interview component(s)|
The cardiac surgery residency program at the University of Toronto is the largest and perhaps most diverse of its kind in Canada. Our vision is to ensure excellence in clinical and academic training of our Residents. We aim to prepare tomorrow’s leaders in Cardiac Surgery. Our training Program is home to approximately 50 faculty members, over 5 teaching hospitals. We offer outstanding opportunities to engage in research activities. Our faculty members are highly invested in Residency Training and many are opinion leaders in their own subspecialty area. Under the leadership of Dr Terry Yau (Chair) and Dr. Bobby Yanagawa (PD) the Program provides a rich environment for learning and enquiry. The University of Toronto teaching hospitals provide surgical care for a large urban population as well as patients from a vast catchment area and referral network. This arrangement provides outstanding learning opportunities and a breadth of clinical volume that is unsurpassed almost anywhere in North America.
This residency program is for 6 years.
Program length of training does not exceed the Royal College or College of Family Physicians of Canada standard.
There are five cardiac units which participate in the University of Toronto Cardiac Surgical Training Program:
St. Michael's Hospital
Toronto General Hospital
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Trillium Health Partners
Hospital for Sick Children
All University affiliated institutions have access to extensive research facilities, including laboratory and adacemic supervisors. Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre is also affiliated with the Institute for Clinical and Evaluative Studies (ICES). The University of Toronto SurgeonScientist Programme encourages research utilizing supervisors from the University of Toronto and may be able to provide funding for research through the University.
All trainees also have access to the University of Toronto Surgical Skills Lab at Mount Sinai Hospital.
1. Is prior research experience required of applicants?
Although academics is a strong focus of the Cardiac Surgical Training Program at the University of Toronto, prior research experience is not a prerequisite for acceptance. However, evidence of academic productivity or potential may lend support to a candidate's application. All trainees are expected to undertake at least one year (preferably two or three) of academic enrichment during the training program. This may be either clinical or research based.
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