University of Toronto - Vascular Surgery - Toronto

2022 R-1 Main Residency Match - first iteration
CMG Stream for CMG

Last approved on January 17, 2022

Summary of changes

Approximate Quota:


Accreditation status : Accredited

Provincial Criteria

Dr. Elisa Greco
Vascular Surgery  
U of T  
149 College St - 5th Floor 503F
Toronto, Ontario, M5T 1P5
Vascular Surgery Website
PGME at U of T

Program Contacts

Michelle Paiva
Vascular Administrator

Important Information

Please be aware that most, if not all, hospitals and Universities in Ontario have mandatory COVID-19 vaccination policies in place that require, in the absence of a valid medical or human rights exemption, proof of vaccination. Acceptable vaccination must be in accordance with Health Canada. You will be required to provide documentation of COVID-19 vaccination to the appropriate institution if matched. Failure to comply and provide the appropriate documentation may result in the termination of the contract. These guidelines could change at any time in accordance with future direction from the Ministry of Health or the Universities based on information from Public Health.  


General Instructions

Program application language: English

  • The program offers a comprehensive experience in vascular surgery across multiple training sites including community vascular settings
  • This program includes open surgical and endovascular training in standard and advanced endovascular aneurysm repair as well as peripheral vascular interventions
  • Two of the main training sites (UHN and SMH) participate in a regional call coverage program for the Greater Toronto Area which provides a large volume and variety of emergency vascular cases
  • Training in diagnostic vascular ultrasound is a mandatory component of the training
  • In addition to elective open and endovascular cases, residents will be exposed to iatrogenic and non-iatrogenic vascular trauma management, paediatiatric vascular trauma, and will be part of a team that provides vascular support to multidisciplinary surgical oncology cases
  • Trainees with an interest in research have the opportunity to pursue a higher level degree in the highly acclaimed Surgeon Scientist Program at the University of Toronto (strongly encouraged)

Supporting Documentation

Canadian citizenship
CaRMS partners with third-party organizations to verify your citizenship or permanent resident status. If your status is verified by one of these organizations, you will not need to provide citizenship documents in your application. If your citizenship status is not verified, you must provide one of the documents listed below.
Document must be notarized/certified
Submit one of the following documents to verify your Canadian citizenship:
• Canadian Birth Certificate or Act of Birth
• Certificate of Canadian Citizenship
• Confirmation of Permanent Residence in Canada
• Passport page showing Canadian Citizenship
• Canadian Permanent Resident Card (both sides of card)
• Canadian Citizenship Card (both sides of card)

Legal Status

Proof of valid current citizenship or permanent resident status must be provided by submitting one of the following verifications to CaRMS by the File Review Opening deadline. Failure to provide valid proof will result in your application being removed. No other forms of verification are acceptable:

  1. Notarized/certified photocopy of Birth Certificate/Act of Birth issued by an authority in Canada accompanied by photo ID (must be Canadian government-issued photo ID).
  2. Documents must be notarized/certified photocopies. Notarized/certified copies must not be older than two years from the application submission deadline; otherwise, a new notarized/certified copy is required.
  3. Confirmation of permanent residence must be accompanied by a photo ID (must be a Canadian government-issued photo ID).

CaRMS is partnering with third-party organizations to automate the verification of citizenship/legal status required by postgraduate offices for entry into residency. Third-party verification simplifies the process for applicants and programs. All applicants who do not receive third-party citizenship verification will be required to upload and assign an acceptable proof of citizenship document. Please see additional information here.

Reference documents
Number requested: 3

If possible one or more letters from a faculty member in Vascular Surgery is helpful but not required.

Additional documents
[Note: Photograph is used as memory aid only]

Medical School Transcript 

Medical Student Performance Record 

Personal Letter 
Word count
Minimum : None
Maximum : None

Your personal letter should outline your academic and career goals in Vascular Surgery. Highlight your leadership activities and any other information relevant to your application.

Maximum word count: 1000 (no minimum)

Custom Résumé / CV 

Review Process

Applications submitted after file review has opened on January 31, 2022

Supporting documents (excluding letters of reference) that arrive after file review has opened  on  January 31, 2022

Letters of reference that arrive after the unmasking date on January 31, 2022

Individual applications are scored by Faculty and resident reviewers (three scores per application) using an objective scoring process candidates who score above our cut-off will be offered interviews. 



  • March 3, 2022
Candidates invited for interview will complete a multiple mini personal virtual interview format assessment (two interviews per candidate).  Candidates will be virtually interviewed by residents and faculty members. 

Program will notify all applicants through CaRMS Online and will send email invitations directly to applicants selected for an interview.
Candidates who are considered to have a reasonable opportunity for acceptance on the basis of pre-screening of their written application documents are contacted for an interview.

The interview process involves a multiple virtual interview format with structured questions and formalized scoring.  In addition, each short interview, will include the opportunity for less structured questions and answers.  Candidates will have the opportunity to meet faculty members and residents both ahead of and after the interviews virtually.  Each candidate will have two interviews. Interviewers are made up of a group of faculty and vascular surgery residents (of different levels) who are form the residency program selection committee.  The selection committee will rate candidates and establish a formal ranking on the basis of combined scoring of their written applications, and their interview performance.


Due to COVID 19 interviews will be conducted virtually via Zoom.


Virtual Interviews

Dates:   March 3, 2022


Selection Criteria

- A good academic record which demonstrates special proficiency in those subjects related to Vascular Surgery

- Candidates should have a proven interest in surgery. This can be demonstrated by electives and references from staff in any of the surgical specialties

- If possible one or more references letters from a faculty member in vascular surgery is helpful but not required. Referees should be able to attest to interest and proficiency in the specialty as well as comments on interpersonal skills, motivation, work ethic, etc.

- Candidates with an interest in research, both in basic science, clinical research, education, etc. are encouraged to apply

- Special accomplishments either within medicine or outside of medicine are reviewed favourably

- All applications are screened by a subcommittee of the Residency Program Committee which will rank applicants after their interview

Program goals

The University of Toronto’s Vascular Surgery Residency Program aims to provide an excellent opportunity for Residents to develop the broad range of knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for success as a vascular surgeon.  Residents will be exposed to common and uncommon vascular problems including adult and paediatric vascular trauma, as well as multidisciplinary vascular oncology cases, and complex aortic pathology. 

Residents must learn how to manage these problems in a comprehensive fashion and gain adequate experience and training in conservative management, endovascular, and open-surgical techniques.  All residents will be able to appropriately select and interpret non-invasive vascular imaging studies for the diagnosis and management of vascular problems.  With a relatively larger number of different training sites compared to other vascular training programs, a goal of the program is to teach residents multiple different, valid approaches to clinical problems. 

The University of Toronto’s Vascular Surgery Residency program aims to train leaders in Vascular Surgery who will support the academic endeavor through teaching and research, and advance knowledge in the field.  The program aims to graduate vascular specialists who can comprehensively manage our aging society’s increasing burden of vascular disease.   These specialists will be committed to multidisciplinary care of the vascular patient and be prepared for the lifelong-learning required to stay abreast of this rapidly advancing field.

Selection process goals

- High academic achievers, motivation to purse a surgical career in general with dedicated experience towards pursing a Vascular career specifically. 

- Interest in post graduate research preferred.

- Candidates that are considered to have a reasonable opportunity for acceptance are contacted for interview, which will be held according to the schedule set by the Vascular Surgery Specialty Committee of the Royal College and CaRMS.

File review process

Review team composition : The review team is made up of Faculty members and residents currently in the program.

Average number of applications received by our program in the last five years : 0 - 50
7-20 applicants

Average percentage of applicants offered interviews : 76 - 100 %

Evaluation criteria :
File component Criteria
CV Reviewed by three independent assessors
Electives We recognize that the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted candidates’ opportunities to arrange and complete electives and would like to reassure you that a lack of elective activity this year will not negatively impact your application to our program.
Examinations We do not evaluate this file component.
Extra-curricular Highlight activities that demonstrate hobbies and interests outside of medicine and surgery.
Leadership skills Prior experience preferred
MSPRs We do not evaluate this file component
Personal letters Should document dedication to the specialty as well as specific interest in the U of T program
Reference documents Reviewed by three independent assessors
Research/Publications Previous academic activity/ publications preferred
Transcripts Demonstration of high academic achievement i.e. awards and scholarships

Elective criteria

We recognize that the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted candidates’ opportunities to arrange and complete electives and would like to reassure you that a lack of elective activity this year will not negatively impact your application to our program.
We do not require applicants to have done onsite electives.

Interview process

Interview format :

We do not re-schedule interviews for applicants after we have completed the scheduling process.

Interview evaluation criteria :
Interview components Criteria
Collaboration skills Applicants must be good collaborators
Collegiality Applicants should be proceed to be collegiality
Communication skills Applicants must demonstrate high level of communication in write and oral
Health advocacy Applicant must demonstrate how they are a health advocate
Interest in the discipline Candidates who are not interested in Vascular Surgery will not be considered
Interest in the program Candidates must demonstrate a interest in our program
Leadership skills Be prepared to discus leadership experiences
Professionalism Looking for " red flags" in application
Scholarly activities Previous scholarly activity preferred

Information gathered outside of CaRMS application

Specifically, we may consider:

Ranking process

The behavior(s) exhibited below during the interview process may prevent an applicant from being ranked by our program :

Program Highlights

This program is carried out across six teaching sites including the Toronto General Hospital, St. Michael's Hospital, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Trillium Health Center, Scarborough General Hospital and Humber River Regional Hospital.  Open and endovascular training are provided at all sites.  We encourage a strong academic focus in our residents who are expected to complete a research project annually for presentation at the vascular surgery residency program annual research day. Residents who enter the Surgeon Scientist Training Program (SSTP) do so after their second year and on completion of their SSTP training re-enter the clinical stream for a final three years.  


Beginning PGY1 residents start their training with a central departmental skills boot camp and follow with a vascular surgery specific boot camp.  This three week experience allows our residents to make the most of their initial experiences in the operating room.  During the first two years residents complete off-service surgical and medical rotations and have an initial experience in the vascular laboratory.  Third year residents complete rotations in cardiac surgery as well as further vascular rotations.  During the final two years residents are expected to run a vascular service at one of our core sites and receive additional interventional radiology and vascular lab experience.  

Program Curriculum

This residency program is for 5 years.

Program length of training does not exceed the Royal College or College of Family Physicians of Canada standard.

Please see program highlights. 

As of July 2021, the U of T Vascular Surgery Program implemented the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada Competency by Design Curriculum.

In addition residents must complete the Surgical Foundation Curriculum during their PGY1 and 2 years. 

Since July1, 2008 all University of Toronto Residents entering PGY1 are required to complete the web based PGCorEd* core competency modules as part of their residency program certification.  These modules provide the foundation for non-clinical roles for the RCPSC and CFPC Programs.  These modules are focused for PGY1 & PGY2 trainees.  Failure to complete the modules will delay processing of Final In-Training Evaluation Reports (FITERs).

Training Sites


University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital

St. Michael's Hospital

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Trillium Health Partners 

Humber River Hospital

Scarborough General Hospital

Additional Information

  1. Permanent Residents: Successful applicants who hold Permanent Resident status in Canada will be required to disclose their Country of Citizenship to the postgraduate medical education office in order to comply with current reporting requirements of the Ontario Ministry of Colleges and Universities
  2. Matched applicants: CaRMS will provide their electronic data file to the matched university’s postgraduate education office. The postgraduate office will share the information as needed, but not limited to, the Ontario Physician Human Resource Data Centre, Canadian Post-MD Education Registry, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, the College of Family Physicians of Canada, the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, the Professional Association of Residents of Ontario, teaching hospitals and other training sites, Touchstone Institute and the Ontario Ministry of Health.
  3. Changes: The Ontario Faculties of Medicine and Ontario Ministry of Health reserve the right to make changes to the information published on the CaRMS website pertaining to Ontario postgraduate training without prior notice.
  4. Failure to meet or provide proof of any of the stated requirements may result in the applicant file not being reviewed and removed.

Summary of changes

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