Crest

University of British Columbia - Anatomical Pathology - Vancouver

2022 R-1 Main Residency Match - first iteration
CMG Stream for CMG

Last approved on January 27, 2022

Summary of changes

Approximate Quota:

 4 

Accreditation status : Accredited

Provincial Criteria


Dr. Brian Skinnider
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 
10125-2775 Laurel Street 
Gordon & Leslie Diamond Health Care Centre
Vancouver , British Columbia, V5Z1M9
(604) 875-4111 ext. 66940
UBC Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Program Contacts

Program Contact
Shelley Berkow
Program Manager
shelley.berkow@pathology.ubc.ca
(604) 875-4111 ext. 23125


Important Information

  • We provide training in Anatomical Pathology within the requirements of the Canadian Board of Pathology, the Royal College of Physician and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)
  • The AP program is 5 years (60 months/260 weeks)

 

This program is suited to those who want to pursue an academic or non-academic career or small community practice.

CBD Track PGY1:

Like other residency training programs, all Anatomical Pathology training across Canada underwent a major change in July 2019.  Residents who start their training from 2019 onwards enter under the new Competency Based Medical Education model called Competence By Design (CBD).  Applicants can find more information about CBD on the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada website:

 

http://www.royalcollege.ca/rcsite/cbd/competence-by-design-cbd-e    

 

Whereas residents who started prior to 2019 completed a full clinical year before starting their Anatomical Pathology training, we have reduced the clinical rotations to six blocks (24 weeks).  The site(s) of clinical training are either St Paul's Hospital or Royal Columbian Hospital.  Residents will start their training at Vancouver General Hospital with a two-block "Transition to Discipline" orientation, and complete their six clinical rotations during the remainder of their first year.  Clinical rotations include Surgery, Internal Medicine, and Oncology.

 

Following the "Transition to Discipline" orientation, the next 13 blocks of Pathology training will focus on General Anatomical Pathology.  This will be followed by rotations in more specialized fields of Anatomical Pathology.

 


General Instructions

Program application language: English

 


Supporting Documentation

Canadian citizenship
CaRMS partners with third-party organizations to verify your citizenship or permanent resident status. If your status is verified by one of these organizations, you will not need to provide citizenship documents in your application. If your citizenship status is not verified, you must provide one of the documents listed below.
Document must be notarized/certified
Required
Submit one of the following documents to verify your Canadian citizenship:
• Canadian Birth Certificate or Act of Birth
• Certificate of Canadian Citizenship
• Passport page showing Canadian Citizenship
• Canadian Permanent Resident Card (both sides of card)

Required documents for ALL applicants

Canadian Citizenship

The province of British Columbia will accept one of the following notarized/certified documents as proof of the citizenship/permanent residency and is required for all types of applicants. Photocopies are accepted but, citizenship documents other than what is listed below are not accepted.  Proof of citizenship/permanent residency must be submitted to CaRMS by the File Review deadline.  No allowances for late submission.

  • Canadian Birth Certificate
  • Canadian Passport
  • Canadian Citizenship Certificate
  • Canadian Citizen Card (both sides)
  • Current Canadian Permanent Resident Card (both sides)
Language proficiency
Required
Submit one of the following documents to verify your language proficiency:
• IELTS
• Occupational English Test (OET) - Medicine
• Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) - General

CMG / USMG

If you graduated from an English medical school in Canada (including McGill) or the US, you are exempt from providing proof of language proficiency.

Candidates who attended medical school in Quebec or the University of Ottawa where the language of instruction or the primary language of patient care was not English, must fulfill the English Language Proficiency requirements of the College of Physicians of Surgeons of BC as identified below.   This requirement is the same for IMGs and is required by the start of the Ranking Period.

IMG

The College of Physicians and Surgeons of BC requires applicants to be proficient in the English language.

The Registration Committee may determine that an applicant has demonstrated English language proficiency if the following conditions are met:

  • The primary language of medical education was English, and
  • The primary language of patient care was English.

Applications received by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of BC on or before June 30, 2022, who have not met the above requirements will require one of: IELTS Academic examination, OET Medicine Examination or CELPIP General Examination for licensing (see criteria below).  As such, applicants must submit the proof of English language proficiency to CaRMS by the start of Ranking Period. Photocopies are acceptable.

  • IELTS Academic - Minimum score of 7 in each component.
  • IELTS scores are valid for a period of 2 years from the date taken.
  • OET Medicine Examination - Minimum grade of B in each component.
  • OET results are valid for a period of 2 years from the date taken.
  • CELPIP General Examination - Minimum score of 9 in each component.
  • CELPIP results are valid for a period of two years from the date taken.

Please note that results from these three examinations cannot be mixed. Candidates must meet all of the criteria in either the IELTS, OET or CELPIP examination.

Applicants are advised to review the College of Physicians and Surgeons English Language Proficiency Requirements here: https://www.cpsbc.ca/files/pdf/REG-ELP.pdf

 

Reference documents
Required
Number requested: 3
Three letters of reference are required and should be written by faculty members or consultants, preferably from specialists in any of the areas of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. A reference from a senior resident will not be accepted
Additional documents
Required
Medical School Transcript 

Medical Student Performance Record 

Personal Letter 
Word count
Minimum : None
Maximum : None

A personal letter indicating why the candidate is interested in Pathology is required.


Review Process

Applications submitted after file review has opened on January 31, 2022


Supporting documents (excluding letters of reference) that arrive after file review has opened  on  January 31, 2022


Letters of reference that arrive after the unmasking date on January 31, 2022



Interviews

Dates:

  • February 28, 2022
  • March 1, 2022
Upon approval of requested interview dates, selected applicants will be invited for an interview on Monday February 28 or Tuesday March 1, 2022.  

Program will notify all applicants through CaRMS Online and will send email invitations directly to applicants selected for an interview.
Over the course of the interview day, applicants will be interviewed by staff members and residents. Questions will include reasons for wanting to be an Anatomical Pathologists and career plans. At this time we ask that applicants expect a 60 minute interview block (2 x 20 minute interviews).  There will also be a separate opportunity for applicants to talk to current residents.


Selection Criteria

  • An acceptable academic record
  • A proven interest and motivation in our specialty, demonstrated by electives or research in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine is preferable
  • Candidates should have acceptable letters of recommendation, preferably from specialists in any of the areas of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
  • Candidates must have skills in communication and be able to work with a wide variety of people.

Program goals

At UBC, we are committed to training pathologists who will ultimately be serving our population.

On completion of the education program, the graduate resident will be competent to function as a consultant Anatomical Pathologist. Residents must demonstrate the knowledge, skills and attitudes relating to gender, culture and ethnicity pertinent to anatomical pathology. In addition, all residents must demonstrate an ability to incorporate gender, cultural and ethnic perspectives in research methodology, data presentation and analysis.

Selection process goals

An acceptable academic record is required.
A proven interest in Anatomical Pathology, preferably demonstrated by electives or research.
All candidates should have acceptable letters of recommendation, preferably from specialists in Anatomical Pathology, or other areas of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.
Candidates must have good communication skills and ability to work with a wide variety of people.

File review process

Review team composition : Two panel interviews. Each panel consisting of:
Program Director
2 Site Directors/Staff
1 Chief Resident

Average number of applications received by our program in the last five years : 0 - 50

Average percentage of applicants offered interviews : 76 - 100 %

Evaluation criteria :
File component Criteria
CV Education, Electives, Research, Publications
Electives Electives in our specialty, Evaluations
Examinations We do not evaluate this file component.
Extra-curricular Volunteering (medical and non-medical), mentoring, other
Leadership skills Holding office in a student government, club or organisation
MSPRs Demonstrated Interpersonal Skills
Personal letters Interest in discipline, program location
Reference documents Positive interaction with colleagues, other medical team members, and support staff
Research/Publications Interest in participating in future research projects
Transcripts Academic Performance

Elective criteria

We encourage applicants to have completed at least one elective in our discipline.
We do not require applicants to have done onsite electives.

Interview process

Interview format :



We routinely accommodate requests to re-schedule interviews for applicants.

Interview evaluation criteria :
Interview components Criteria
Collaboration skills Working in a team environment
Collegiality Behavior, attitude, ability to work well with others
Communication skills Ability to speak and write clearly in English
Health advocacy We do not evaluate this interview component
Interest in the discipline Demonstrated interest and ability in the specialty;
Interest in the program Demonstrated interest in the program
Leadership skills Ability to initiate programs, lead organizations or groups, and make an impact
Professionalism Correspondence with staff and chief residents; behavior and attitude during interview
Scholarly activities An interest in research
Other interview component(s)  

Information gathered outside of CaRMS application

Specifically, we may consider:







Ranking process

The behavior(s) exhibited below during the interview process may prevent an applicant from being ranked by our program :
   
   
   


Program Highlights

1) Multiple training sites throughout Vancouver, representing a diverse patient population, as well as numerous elective opportunities in community hospitals throughout the province of British Columbia

2) Large and diverse case volume

3) Dedicated teaching faculty with routine one-on-one teaching as well as regular group teaching rounds

4) Abundant opportunities for research, with internal funding for research and presenting at national and international meetings

5) Strong training in Molecular Pathology


Program Curriculum

This residency program is for 5 years.

Program length of training does not exceed the Royal College or College of Family Physicians of Canada standard.

Introduction

The goal of the UBC Anatomical Pathology Residency Training Program is to prepare our residents to practice pathology, whether in the community, tertiary care or academic setting. Residents are provided with comprehensive training in all areas of anatomical pathology. Our training encompasses all the newest diagnostic tools and technologies available including genomics and proteomics. Our philosophy is that pathologists are an integral part of the clinical decision making team and that it is our role to provide all relevant interpretive information. With the advances in molecular pathology the role of the pathologist is to ensure new clinically relevant information is incorporated into the diagnosis so that treatment can be optimized.

Residency Training Overview

 

 

 

 

Like other residency training programs, all anatomical Pathology training across Canada have undergone a major change in July 2019.  Residents who start their training in 2019 and onwards will enter under the new Competency Based Medical Education model called Competence By Design (CBD).  Applicants can find more information about CBD on the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada website:

 http://www.royalcollege.ca/rcsite/cbd/competence-by-design-cbd-e    

Whereas residents in the past completed a full clinical year before starting their Anatomical Pathology training, we have reduced the clinical rotations to six blocks (24 weeks).  The site(s) of clinical training are either St. Paul's Hospital or Royal Columbian Hospital.  Residents will start their training at Vancouver General Hospital with a two-block "Transition to Discipline" orientation, and complete their six clinical rotations during the remainder of their first year.  Clinical rotations are expected to include Surgery, Internal Medicine, and Oncology.

The first 13 blocks of Pathology training will focus on General Anatomical Pathology.  This will be followed by rotations in more specialized fields of Anatomical Pathology.

 

 

PGY - 2 to 5

 

The content of PGYs 2 to 5 will reflect and fulfill the applicable training requirements of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada for Anatomical  Pathology.

The UBC Laboratory Medicine program includes four other residency programs namely: Medical Microbiology, Medical Biochemistry, Neuropathology and Hematological Pathology. In addition, each of the 6 residencies offers blocks of elective time to support individual career plans.

Research

 

Residents are encouraged to initiate and participate in research, with numerous research opportunities available.  PGY3 residents are required to present an original research project at the annual UBC Pathology Day.  Residents will also have the opportunity to present their research at national and international conferences.

For more information please see the link below:

www.pathology.ubc.ca

GENERAL PATHOLOGY

Status of the UBC General Pathology Residency Program

Please be advised that effective July 1, 2019 the General Pathology residency program at UBC has been placed on inactive status. This means that effective July 1, 2019 UBC will only be accepting residents into the Anatomical Pathology program and not into the General Pathology program.

Program Director:

Michael C. Nimmo, MD, FRCPC,

Dept. of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, VGH Hospital
 

 


Training Sites

Teaching Hospitals

- The Vancouver General Hospital is a 900-bed comprehensive teaching hospital. It is a level 1 trauma centre and the major referral centre for the province.

The BC Cancer Agency is responsible for cancer care for the people of B.C. The Agency's cancer control program includes diagnosis, research, education, care and treatment. BCCA is also the site of the Cervical Cancer Screening Program, which screens over half a million PAP smears a year. The clinical Cancer Genetics Laboratory provides services molecular testing for cancer patients in BC. Additional information about BC Cancer Agency Laboratories can be found at: http://www.bccancer.bc.ca/HPI/labservices/default.htm

- BC Children's Hospital (BCCH) is a comprehensive pediatric teaching hospital and the pediatric referral centre for the entire province of B.C.

- St. Paul's Hospital is a busy downtown hospital serving an inner city population.  The Downtown Eastside population is a unique population in Canada.  Residents see a large volume of mixed medical problems in addition to problems related to substance abuse.

- BC Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) is British Columbia's Centre of Excellence for the prevention, detection and control of communicable diseases. The BCCDC is the provincial reporting centre for reportable cases of communicable diseases.

- The Royal Columbian Hospital is a large community hospital located in New Westminster, southeast of Vancouver. The emergency department census is in excess of 60,000 per year. There is full complement of sevices including all the medical and surgical specialties.

Resources

The training program involves rotations through all of the teaching hospitals in Vancouver and participating community hospitals. A rotation in a community hospital is required.

Electronic medical resources: for residents doing rotations in UBC teaching hospitals, there are computers with access to the internet, laboratory information systems, digital imaging, presentation software and related educational and research resources.


Additional Information

Quick Facts:

  • There are five separate Royal College residency programs at UBC: Anatomical Pathology, Medical Microbiology, Hematopathology, Neuropathology and a sub-specialty, Medical Biochemistry.
  • Almost unlimited possibilities for electives are available within the overall structure of each of the laboratory medicine training programs, so long as the requirements of the Royal College are satisfied.
  • A conservative estimate of the ratio of residents to faculty is 1:10, depending on the exact specialty of laboratory medicine.
  • All laboratory medicine ratios are designed to optimize the service-to-education ratio for residents.
  • Electronic medical resources include: access to the Internet, laboratory information systems, digital imaging, presentation software and related educational and research resources.
  • For details of residency training program beyond PGY-1, see Program Curriculum.
  • For details on research requirements please see Program Curriculum.


FAQ

1) What is the teaching like at UBC?  On an average day, residents sign out cases with staff on a one-on-one basis, followed by grossing specimens and previewing slides for the next day.  Organized teaching rounds include Academic Half Day and multihead microscope teaching sessions.

2) What are the research opportunities at UBC?  There is a wide spectrum of research opportunities for residents at UBC, ranging from review of small case series to tumor genomics to the use of artificial intelligence in Pathology.  The program has internal funds for each resident research project, and money is also available for residents to present their research at national and international conferences.

3) Are there teaching opportunities for residents?  Residents who want to gain experience in formal teaching can lead Pathology small group sessions for undergraduate Medical students, and can give lectures on normal histology to Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Science students.

4) How many clinical blocks are done in PGY1?  First year residents are required to complete six blocks of clinical medicine, including rotations in Internal Medicine, Surgery and Oncology.

5) Where do UBC Anatomical Pathology residents typically go after training?  Graduating residents typically do Fellowship training after residency, and the program has a good track record of residents being accepted into excellent fellowships (at Stanford, Memorial Sloan Kettering, Cleveland Clinic, etc).  Most graduating residents come back to British Columbia for staff positions.

6) What is the work/life balance like in the program?  While some rotations can be busy, other rotations have a lighter workload that allows for residents to enjoy all that Vancouver and British Columbia have to offer.


Summary of changes

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